Top Research Universities by Number of "Highly Cited Researchers"
http://hcr3.isiknowledge.com/xxxxBrowse.cgi

美國︰

1. Harvard University (131)
2. Stanford University (119)
3. *University of California, Berkeley (72) (46 more at UC San Francisco, the medical school campus, for a total of 118, so basically tied with Stanford)
4. *Massachussetts Institute of Technology (69)
5. *Princeton University (56)
6. *California Institute of Technology (55)
6. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (55)
8. Yale University (54)
9. University of California, San Diego (53)
10. University of Pennsylvania (49)
11. University of California, Los Angeles (48)
12. *Cornell University (43) (2 more at the medical school in NYC, for a total of 45, so no change in overall rank)
12. University of Washington, Seattle (43)
14. University of Chicago (40)
14. University of Wisconsin, Madison (40)
16. Columbia University (37)
17. University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (36)
18. *University of Texas, Austin (34) (15 more at UT Southwestern in Dallas, the medical school campus, for a total of 49, so basically tied with Penn and UCLA)
19. Pennsylvania State University (33)
20. University of California, Davis (31)
21. Duke University (30)
21. Northwestern University (30)
23. *University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (28)
24. *University of California, Santa Barbara (27)
25. University of Colorado, Boulder (26)
26. New York University (25)
26. University of Maryland, College Park (25)
28. Johns Hopkins University (24)
28. University of Pittsburgh (24)
30. University of Southern California (23)
30. Washington University, St. Louis (23)

* schools that do not have a medical school.

英國︰

1. Cambridge University (40)
2. Oxford University (37)
3. Imperial College London (25)
4. University College London (20)
5. University of Bristol (14)
6. University of Edinburgh (10)
7. University of Manchester (9)
8. University of Birmingham (8)
9. University of Nottingham (7)
9. University of Sheffield (7)
10. University of Sussex (6)
10. King's College, London (6)
10. University of Leicester (6)

加國︰

1. University of Toronto (20)
2. University of British Columbia (17)
3. McGill University (13)
4. McMaster University (7)
4. University of Waterloo (7)
6. Queen's University (6)
7. University of Manitoba (5)
7. University of Saskatchewan (5)
9. Dalhousie University (4)
9. University of Alberta (4)
11. University of Guelph (3)
12. Simon Fraser University (2)
12. University of Calgary (2)
12. University of Victoria (2)
15. University of Western Ontario (1)

中國與台灣︰

Hong Kong University of Science & Technology (4)
Chinese University of Hong Kong (3)
中科院 (2) (高能所和上海陶瓷所各一)
Hong Kong Polytechnic University (1)
University of Hong Kong (1)
Pharmanex, Inc. Hong Kong (1)
(台)中研院 (1)

Top Research Universities by Number of "Highly Cited Researchers"

The Institute for Scientific Inxxxxation compiles detailed data on citations to faculty research in the natural and social sciences, including medicine and law, but not in any of the humanistic fields. Citation counts are always problematic proxies for quality, but across whole universities their limitations presumably even out (presumably, e.g., each major university has its share of highly cited productive drudges, and the like). The primary limitation of this data is that it does not include humanistic fields, so universities with strong research profiles in the humanities will underperxxxx in this study. The data also gives a slight preference to larger schools, though it is doubtful that there are any large major research universities that consist of, e.g., two dozen highly cited researchers superimposed on thousands of non-researching mediocrities.

In addition, because medicine turns out to be a high-citation field, any university with a good medical school will often have a quarter to half its highly cited researchers located there. I've marked below with an * schools that do not have a medical school, noting how many researchers would be added to their count if the nearest medical school in that university system were included.

1. Harvard University (131)
2. Stanford University (119)
3. *University of California, Berkeley (72) (46 more at UC San Francisco, the medical school campus, for a total of 118, so basically tied with Stanford)
4. *Massachussetts Institute of Technology (69)
5. *Princeton University (56)
6. *California Institute of Technology (55)
6. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (55)
8. Yale University (54)
9. University of California, San Diego (53)
10. University of Pennsylvania (49)
11. University of California, Los Angeles (48)
12. *Cornell University (43) (2 more at the medical school in NYC, for a total of 45, so no change in overall rank)
12. University of Washington, Seattle (43)
14. University of Chicago (40)
14. University of Wisconsin, Madison (40)
16. Columbia University (37)
17. University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (36)
18. *University of Texas, Austin (34) (15 more at UT Southwestern in Dallas, the medical school campus, for a total of 49, so basically tied with Penn and UCLA)
19. Pennsylvania State University (33)
20. University of California, Davis (31)
21. Duke University (30)
21. Northwestern University (30)
23. *University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (28)
24. *University of California, Santa Barbara (27)
25. University of Colorado, Boulder (26)
26. New York University (25)
26. University of Maryland, College Park (25)
28. Johns Hopkins University (24)
28. University of Pittsburgh (24)
30. University of Southern California (23)
30. Washington University, St. Louis (23)

Yale, with both a Medical and Law School in the mix, still trails Princeton, which has neither! (The same is true for Penn, Duke, Columbia, NYU, Northwestern, Michigan, and Chicago, among others.) On the other hand, Yale's strengths in the humanities (especially history and literature) go unrecognized in this study. Other schools whose rank would improve if strength in the humanities were credited would include Princeton, Cornell, Columbia, Chicago, and--maybe--Penn, UCLA, Duke, NYU, and Johns Hopkins (though Hopkins seems to be in a general state of decline, in the humanities and elsewhere--same may be true of Chicago, though not as dramatic).

It is striking, of course, how badly most of this list correlates with "popular" perceptions of university quality outside roughly the top five; but popular perceptions, of course, are little-inxxxxed by research output, and, in particular, by research output in the sciences. If anything, perception of university quality seems to track (imagine this!) quality of the English Department!

Some results for other well-known schools (not rank-ordered, since it's possible we missed some):

Boston University (14)
Brown University (12)
*Carnegie-Mellon University (14)
Emory University (11)
Georgetown University (1)
Michigan State University (20)
Ohio State University (22)
*Purdue University (13)
*Rice University (9)
Rockefeller University (13)
*Rutgers University, New Brunswick (18)
*Texas A&M University (15)
University of Arizona (13)
*University of California, Irvine (15)
*University of California, Riverside (13)
University of Iowa (13)
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (19)
*University of Notre Dame (2)
University of Virginia (14)
Vanderbilt University (18)

And herewith Canadian universities (since I know less about which ones have medical schools, and which don't, I've omitted the * here):

1. University of Toronto (20)
2. University of British Columbia (17)
3. McGill University (13)
4. McMaster University (7)
4. University of Waterloo (7)

The numbers get small rather quickly here, so the differences are less meaningful. A random sample of some other Canadian universities (don't think we've missed any close to McMaster and Waterloo):

Queen's University (6)
University of Manitoba (5)
University of Saskatchewan (5)
Dalhousie University (4)
University of Alberta (4)
University of Guelph (3)
Simon Fraser University (2)
University of Calgary (2)
University of Victoria (2)
University of Western Ontario (1)

A clear indication of the skew towards the natural sciences in this data is that York University, Toronto--a major research center in the humanities and social sciences in Canada (but with a weaker presence in the hard sciences, and no medical school)--has no "highly cited researchers" according to the ISI measures! Other Canadian schools shortchanged by this tilt would include Alberta and Victoria.

[UPDATE, JULY 29: Stan Jones (Dalhousie) inxxxxs me that the only schools noted above without medical schools are Waterloo, Guelph, Simon Fraser, and Victoria. Waterloo, however, has a "very large mathematics and computing faculty" and Guelph a "very large agricultural and environmental faculty." Simon Fraser and Victoria, he also notes, are not "particularly well-known for science and/or engineering."]

Meanwhile, here's how the universities in Britain and Ireland rate:

1. Cambridge University (40)
2. Oxford University (37)
3. Imperial College London (25)
4. University College London (20)
5. University of Bristol (14)
6. University of Edinburgh (10)
7. University of Manchester (9)
8. University of Birmingham (8)
9. University of Nottingham (7)
9. University of Sheffield (7)

Others on the cusp of the "top ten": Sussex (6), King's College, London (6), Glasgow (5), Leicester (6). LSE, for reasons similar to York/Toronto (see above), had only 3 "highly cited" researchers. So, too, Birkbeck College, University of London had only 1. Schools shortchanged because of the natural sciences tilt of this data would also include York, Warwick, and St. Andrews.

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